讲座预告:古代世界中的语言接触、多语现象与国际通用语

主讲人:Calortta Viti教授 (历史文化研究中心教授)


时间:2022年4月1日星期五 16:00-17:30

Zoom会议号码:938 7710 9210

密码:hkbujas


摘要:This paper examines the development of language contact in the ancient word. Languages such as Latin and Hellenistic Greek, for example, can be considered as authentic global languages, especially in the Western and in the Eastern parts of the Ancient Mediterranean, respectively–with very different language policies. Besides, numerous other languages were spoken in these domains with widespread phenomena of language contact. Firstly, multilingualism is often attested between different languages, e.g. the bilingualism between Sumerian and Akkadian in the Fertile Crescent in the 3rd millennium BCE, or the linguistic league of Anatolia in the 2nd millennium BCE. Secondly, we may have different dialects of the same language, as can be seen in Archaic and Classical Greek. Thirdly, the very same language may show language variety and diglossia effects, as in the distinction of Eme-gir and Eme-Sal in Sumerian, the standard language and the women’s language. On the one hand, we will see how these linguistic phenomena may give us insights into the social and cultural traditions of ancient civilizations, which were much more heterogeneous than traditionally assumed. On the other, our analysis of multilingualism in antiquity can help us to solve some controversial questions about historical language contact. 


本次讲座为「古代新研」网上讲座系列(2021/10-2022/6)第六场。「古代新研」网上讲座系列由香港浸会大学饶宗颐国学院,俄罗斯科学院东方研究所,北京师范大学-香港浸会大学联合国际学院,北京师范大学历史文化研究中心联合举办。