Dr. Christian Langer received his Ph.D. in Ancient History (Egyptology) at Free University of Berlin in 2019. His research interests lie in the areas of Political economy of ancient Egypt; history of Egyptology; cross-disciplinary/comparative studies; premodern migrations; geopolitics of archaeology; reception of ancient Egypt in East Asia.
Website: https://fu-berlin.academia.edu/ChristianLanger ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0447-4671
07/2012 – 08/2019 Free University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Dr. phil. (magna cum laude)
Supervisors: Univ.-Prof. Dr. Jochem Kahl (FUB); Dr. Juan Carlos Moreno García (CNRS)
Dissertation: Deportation and the Assignment of Deportees in Ancient Egyptian History: 3000 BCE – 332 BCE
09/2016 – 06/2017 ERASMUS European Exchange Program
Visiting Research Student at University College London, London, United Kingdom
Supervisor: Prof. Stephen Quirke (UCL)
10/2007 – 12/2011 Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
MA Egyptology, Prehistory, and Ancient Near Eastern Studies (Magister Artium)
Thesis: Aspekte des Imperialismus in der Außenpolitik der 18. Dynastie [Aspects of Imperialism in 18th Dynasty Foreign Policy]
Supervisor: Univ.-Prof. Dr. Rolf Gundlach (JGU Mainz)
10/2005 – 09/2007 Philipps University Marburg, Hesse, Germany
MA Egyptology (major), Prehistory, and Classical Archaeology (minors)
PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE AND OTHER ACTIVITIES
10/2020 – 11/2020 Resident Scholar at the Hardt Foundation, Vandoeuvres, Switzerland (expected)
§ Conducted literature review on the topic ‘Obelisks Revisited: Toward a Globalized Theorization’ in the library of the Hardt Foundation, enabled by a short-term research scholarship of the foundation.
09/2015 – 02/2018 Member of the board of organization of the Association for Students of Egyptology (ASE)
§ Co-managed the administration and affairs of the ASE, collecting data on Egyptological institutions around the world, also co-managing its social media.
09/2014 – 10/2014 Illustrator (full-time), Austrian Archaeological Institute, Cairo Branch, Cairo, Egypt
§ Illustrated small finds and pottery, which also included whole decorated vessels for the Austrian mission in Tell el-Dab’a in the eastern Nile Delta.
06/2014 – 08/2014 Intern (full-time), Berlin State Museums, Egyptian Museum, Berlin, Germany
§ Handled and inventoried objects and registered the corresponding data in the Microsoft Access-based museum database.
01/2014 – 06/2016 Freelance lecturer (part-time), Volkshochschule Marburg, Marburg, Hesse, Germany
§ Taught courses on Egyptian history to an adult audience. The scientific courses covered Egyptian history from prehistory up to present-day Egypt.
07/2013 – 08/2013 Excavator (full-time), Landschaftsverband Rheinland, Titz, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
§ Excavated with the regional authority of the county of North Rhine-Westphalia. The excavation of a Neolithic house took place at the open-pit mine of Hambach.
03/2013 – 04/2013 Excavator (full-time), Landschaftsverband Rheinland, Titz, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
§ Excavated with the regional authority of the county of North Rhine-Westphalia. The excavations of Neolithic structures and a Roman Period cemetery took place at the open-pit mines of Hambach and Inden.
08/2009 – 09/2009 Archaeological intern (full-time), Saveock Water Archaeology, Truro, Cornwall, UK
§ Trained and supervised on an archaeological excavation covering features of different periods.
03/2007 Museum intern (full-time), Völkerkundliche Sammlung der Philipps-Universität Marburg, Marburg, Hesse, Germany
§ Collected data and created a catalogue of the ancient Egyptian pieces in] the ethnological collection of the University of Marburg. Supervised the CAT scanning of animal mummies.
03/2007 – 08/2010 Excavator (part-time), Wissenschaftliche Baugrund-Archäologie e.V., Marburg, Hesse, Germany
§ Excavated intermittently with the excavation contractor of the Department of Prehistory of the University of Marburg on several occasions throughout the county of Hesse.
ORGANIZATION OF INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES
06/2018 Convenor of an International Workshop on Archaeology as a Diplomatic Tool—Old and New International Players and Their Political Interest in Global Archaeology§ Developed and co-convened a workshop for the 5th EISA European Workshops in International Studies (EWIS), Groningen, Netherlands, also chairing multiple sessions.
MENTORING AND TEACHING
03/2019 – 09/2020 Personal tutor to a disabled student of Egyptology at FU Berlin, Berlin, Germany
§ Taught the use of GIS, Late Egyptian and Hieratic, and assisted a graduate student of Egyptology (FU Berlin) with Asperger syndrome in writing essays and offered general career advice, complemented courses of the department faculty. Technically, the employer has been the individual student who is given additional support and funds to employ a personal tutor due to the local affirmative action policies.
02/2016 – 09/2016 Personal tutor to a disabled student of Egyptology at FU Berlin, Berlin, Germany
§ Assisted an undergraduate student of Egyptology (FU Berlin) with Asperger syndrome in writing essays and translating Egyptian texts, understanding grammar and textual structure, and preparing for exams, complemented courses of the department faculty. Technically, the employer was the individual student who had been given additional support and funds to employ a personal tutor due to the local affirmative action policies.
General skills in research project management and data analysis. Specific expertise and interests in:
Modern languages: Fluent in English and German (native language), intermediate in French and Mandarin Chinese (HSK 3), basic skills in Arabic (Standard and Egyptian Dialect), Italian, Russian, and Spanish.
Ancient languages: up to 15 years in Egyptian (Old, Middle, and Late Egyptian, Demotic – alongside Hieratic and Demotic scripts), 5 years in Latin, 1 year in Greek, general knowledge of Maya glyphs.
Applications: Adobe Illustrator, Adobe InDesign, Adobe Photoshop, Esri ArcGIS, GRASS GIS, JSesh, Microsoft Office Suite, Python, QGIS, R, VisualGlyph 2.0, and several e-mail packages
Operating system: Windows 10/8/7/Vista/XP
CONFERENCES, WORKSHOPS,SUMMER SCHOOLS AND PRESENTATIONS
§ Interdisciplinary Workshop ‘Punishment, Labor and the Legitimation of Power’, Bonn, Bonn Center for Dependency and Slavery Studies, February 18th-19th 2021, presented paper on “The Ancient Egyptian Deportation Regime: Political Economy and Ideology” (expected).
§ Heritage Conversation along the Belt and Road Zones: Between Politics and Professionalism, Hong Kong (The Hang Seng University of Hong Kong), China, October 23rd-24th 2020, presented paper on “Egypt and Chinese World Archaeology under the Belt and Road Initiative: Archaeology as Subject to Global Politics” (invited speaker) (expected).
§ 3rd Lady Wallis Budge Symposium ‘Compulsion and Control in Ancient Egypt’, Cambridge, Christ’s College, August 27th-28th 2020, presented paper on “Compulsory Foreign Labour in Late Bronze Age Egypt: Political, Economic and Ideological Factors”.
§ ISA Annual Convention 2020, Honolulu, Hawaiʻi, March 25th-28th 2020, presented paper on “Egypt and Chinese world archaeology under the Belt and Road Initiative: Archaeology as Subject to Global Politics” (cancelled due to the Covid-19 pandemic).
§ 41st annual Theoretical Archaeology Group (TAG) Conference, London, United Kingdom, December 16th-18th 2019, presented paper on “Researching ancient Egyptian deportations: political economy and scholarly discourse”.
§ 10. Treffen des Basler & Berliner Arbeitskreises Junge Aegyptologie (BAJA), Basel, Switzerland, November 29th-December 1st 2019, presented paper on “Von Assuan nach Yangon: Obelisken in transkultureller Perspektive”.
§ Problemi di verità: le narrazioni del fatto storico tra manipolazioni e racconti canonici, dall’antichità a oggi, Pisa, Italy, November 28th-29th 2019, presented paper on “Deportation narratives and historical truth: On the role of the researcher” (invited speaker).
§ The 'Cultural Cold War': Towards a Theorisation of its Afro-Asian Contexts, Munich (LMU, Center for Advanced Studies), Germany, October 22nd-24th 2019, presented paper on “The Uses of Egyptology in Cultural Cold Wars: Old Europe, Red Man and the Red Phoenix” in collaboration with Dr. Alexandre A. Loktionov (University of Cambridge) (invited speaker).
§ Broadening Horizons 6, Session 4: Crossing Boundaries. Connectivity and Interaction, Berlin (Freie Universität Berlin), June 24th-28th, presented paper on “Deportation Policies in Egypt’s Late Bronze Age Empire”.
§ Deportation: A Comparative Study (Workshop), Paris (Collège de France), France, February 1st-2nd 2019, presented paper on “Egyptian Late Bronze Age Deportation Policies: Gateway to Global Comparative Deportation Studies” (invited speaker).
§ The Fourth Annual Workshop: Manuscript Culture in Ancient Egypt and China (Workshop), Beijing (Renmin University), China, January 14th-18th 2019, presented paper on “Uncovering Socioeconomics in Ancient Records: Ambiguity and Singularity of Egyptian Sources.”
§ The Crossroads III – A Stranger in the House: Foreigners in Ancient Egyptian and Near Eastern Societies of the Bronze Age, Prague (Charles University), September 10th-13th, presented paper on “Deportation Policies and Foreigners in Late Bronze Age Egypt.”
§ Global Humanities Campus 2018: Causality in Culture: Empirically Verifiable or Modelling Category? (Summer School) / Causality or Contingency: What Keeps Culture Going? (Workshop), Berlin (Freie Universität Berlin), Germany, July 23rd-August 5th 2018.
§ Archaeology as a Diplomatic Tool – Old and New International Players and Their Interest in Global Archaeology, 5th European Workshops in International Studies (EWIS): The Return of Politics to International Relations, Groningen (University of Groningen), Netherlands, June 6th-9th 2018, presented paper on “Egypt, Egyptian Heritage and China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).”
§ 23rd Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists (EAA): Building Bridges, Session: Transnational Perspectives on the Legacy of Ancient Pasts in Contemporary Europe, Maastricht, August 30th-September 3rd, presented paper on “Searching for the Roman in the European Reception of Ancient Egypt.”
§ Excellence Cluster TOPOI: (Mortuary) Temple – Monastery – Mortmain Property (waqf). The Economic Organisation of Religious Institutions in Egypt, Berlin (Freie Universität Berlin), May 12th-13th 2017, presented paper on “Egyptian Temples in the Wider Context of New Kingdom Society” (invited speaker).
§ Annual Meeting of Postgraduates of Ancient History (AMPAH) 2017, London (King’s College London), UK, March 25th 2017, presented paper on ““Innumerable were the captives that his majesty took in his victories”: Deportations in New Kingdom Egypt.”
§ Graduate Archaeology at Oxford (GAO) Annual Conference 2017: Movement and Conflict in Archaeological Research, Oxford (University of Oxford), UK, March 10th-11th 2017, presented paper on “Approaching the Issue of Deportations in New Kingdom Egypt.”
§ British Association of Near Eastern Archaeology (BANEA) Conference 2017, Glasgow (University of Glasgow), UK, January 4th-6th 2017, presented paper on “Negotiating Power Relations via Ancient Heritage: The Example of Egypt.”
§ Excellence Cluster TOPOI workshop ‘Economic Growth in Antiquity’, Berlin (Freie Universität Berlin), Germany, November 18th-21st 2016, presented paper on “The Political Economy of Foreign Labour in Pharaonic Egypt” (invited speaker).
§ Looking to the Future: Engagements in Archaeology – Egypt and the Near East. WMES Conference., Birmingham (Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery), UK, October 28th-30th 2016, presented paper on “The Reception of Ancient Egyptian Heritage: Considering its Past, Present, and Future.”
§ Temps et espace en Égypte ancienne / Time and Space in Ancient Egypt, Louvain-la-Neuve (Catholic University Louvain), Belgium, June 9th-11th 2016, presented paper on “The Concept of ‘Frontier’ in New Kingdom Egypt.”
§ Current Research in Egyptology (CRE) XVII, Kraków (Jagiellonian University), Poland, May 4th-7th 2016, presented paper on “Coerced Labour in the Middle and New Kingdom: Continuation of an Imperial Tradition?” in collaboration with Dr. Micòl Di Teodoro (UCL).
§ Worlding beyond the Clash of Civilizations: An Agenda for an International Relations-Islam Discourse, 3rd European Workshop in International Studies (EWIS), Tübingen (Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen), Germany, April 6th-8th 2016, presented paper on “The Utilization of the Ancient Egyptian Heritage by Modern Egyptian Regimes.”
§ Crossroads: Whence and Whither? Egyptian-Coptic Linguistics in Comparative Perspectives, Berlin (Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences), Germany, February 17th-20th 2016, poster presentation on “The Language of Deportation.”
§ British Association of Near Eastern Archaeology (BANEA) Conference 2016, Lampeter (University of Wales, Trinity Saint David), UK, January 6th-8th 2016, presented paper on “Did the New Kingdom Elites possess a ‘Frontier’ Concept?”
§ 'Borders, Borderthinking, Borderlands' Summer Institute (Bremen University, Duke University, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), Bremen (University of Bremen), Germany, May 15th-26th 2015, presented paper on “Decolonizing Egyptology.”
§ Current Research in Egyptology (CRE) XVI, Oxford (University of Oxford), UK, April 15th-18th 2015, presented paper on “The Motif of Forced Migration in New Kingdom Sources.”
§ 46. Ständige Ägyptologenkonferenz (SÄK), Munich, Germany, June 20th-22nd 2014, presented paper on “Die Nubienpolitik in der 18. Dyn. – Voraussetzung für die Großmachtpolitik in Vorderasien.”
§ Forschungstag des Ägyptologischen Seminars der Freien Universität Berlin, Berlin (Freie Universität Berlin), Germany, January 24th 2014, presented paper on “The Realpolitik of the Egyptian Elite: A Comparison between the Teaching for Merikare and Niccolò Machiavelli’s Il Principe.”
GRANTS AND AWARDS
2020 Hardt Foundation Research Scholarship for Young Researchers
§ For a two-week research stay as a Resident Scholar at the foundation (ca. 1,700 EUR).
2020 DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service) Travel Grant
§ For travel to participate in the ISA Annual Convention 2020 in Honolulu, Hawaiʻi (revoked due to the Covid-19 pandemic but converted into coverage of cancellation costs up to the agreed financial support of 2,495 EUR).
2018 European International Studies Association (EISA) Mobility Fund§ For travel to participate in the 5th EWIS in Groningen, Netherlands.
2017 Scholarship of the Stiftungsfonds for Postgraduates in Egyptology (Austrian Academy of Sciences)
§ For the best research proposal – Deportation and the Assignment of Deportees in Ancient Egyptian History (5,000 EUR).
2017 BANEA student grant
§ For travel to present at the BANEA Conference 2017.
2016 ERASMUS European Exchange Program Scholarship
2016 UCL Institute of Archaeology Awards
§ For travel to present at the Looking to the Future: Engagements in Archaeology – Egypt and the Near East. WMES Conference.
1) (2022, ed., in preparation) Global Egyptology II, Golden House Egyptology, London: Golden House Publications.
2) (2021, in preparation) Egyptian Deportations of the Late Bronze Age: A Study in Political Economy, Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
3) (2017, ed.) Global Egyptology: Negotiations in the Production of Knowledges on Ancient Egypt in Global Contexts, Golden House Egyptology 26, London: Golden House Publications.
Reviewed by Fábio Frizzo in Archaeological Review from Cambridge 33.1 (2018): Glocal Archaeology, pp. 193–197.
4) (2013) Aspekte des Imperialismus in der Außenpolitik der 18. Dynastie, Nordostafrikanisch/Westasiatische Studien 7, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.
1) (2022, in preparation) ‘The Nile and the Yellow River: Comparative research between ancient Egypt and China’(co-authored with Du Shiru), in C. Langer (ed.) Global Egyptology II, Golden House Egyptology, London: Golden House Publications.
2) (2021/2, in preparation) ‘Compulsory Foreign Labour in Late Bronze Age Egypt: Political, Economic and Ideological Factors’. In A.A. Loktionov (ed.), Compulsion and Control in Ancient Egypt: Proceedings of the 3rd Lady Wallis Budge Symposium, Christ’s College, Cambridge, August 27th-28th 2020, Oxford: Archaeopress.
3) (2021, in preparation) ‘Von Assuan nach Yangon: Obelisken in transkultureller Perspektive’. In D. Serova, A. Verbovsek, K. Gabler and S. Bickel (eds.), Formen kultureller Dynamik: Impuls – Progression – Transformation: Beiträge des zehnten Basler und Berliner Arbeitskreises Junge Aegyptologie (BAJA 10) 29.11.–1.12.2019, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
4) (2021, in preparation) ‘Deportation Policies in Egypt’s Late Bronze Age Empire’. In C. Coppini, G. Cyrus, H. Golastaneh (eds.), Bridging the Gap: Disciplines, Times and Spaces in Dialogue: Proceedings of Broadening Horizons 6, June 24–16, 2019, vol. 3, Oxford: Archaeopress.
5) (2021, forthcoming) ‘The Political Economy of Foreign Labour in Pharaonic Egypt’. In D.A. Warburton (ed.), Economic Growth in Antiquity, Publisher TBA.
6) (2018) ‘The Concept of ‘Frontier’ in New Kingdom Egypt: A Comparative Approach to the Spatiality of Ideology’, in J. Winand and G. Chantrain (eds.), Time and Space at Issue in Ancient Egypt, LingAeg Studia Monographica 19, Hamburg: Widmaier Verlag, pp. 47–69.
7) (2017) ‘Perspectives of Egyptologies and on Egyptologies in a Globalised World’, in C. Langer (ed.) Global Egyptology: Negotiations in the Production of Knowledges on Ancient Egypt in Global Contexts, Golden House Egyptology 26, London: Golden House Publications, pp. xiii–xxiii.
8) (2017) ‘Forced Migration in New Kingdom Egypt: Remarks on the Applicability of Forced Migration Studies Theory in Egyptology’, in C. Langer (ed.), Global Egyptology: Negotiations in the Production of Knowledges on Ancient Egypt in Global Contexts, Golden House Egyptology 26, London: Golden House Publications, pp. 39–51.
9) (2017) ‘The Informal Colonialism of Egyptology: from the French Expedition to the Security State’, in M. Woons and S. Weier (eds.), Critical Epistemologies of Global Politics, Bristol: E-International Relations Publishing, pp. 182–202, also available at http://www.e-ir.info/2017/06/01/edited-collection-critical-epistemologies-of-global-politics/.
PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES
1) (in preparation) ‘The Uses of Egyptology in Cultural Cold Wars: Old Europe, Red Man and the Red Phoenix’ (main author, co-authored with Alexandre A. Loktionov), for submission to Itinerario: Journal of Imperial and Global Interactions (special issue: Cultural Cold War).
2) (2021, in preparation) ‘Forced labour and deportations in ancient Egypt: Recent trends and future possibilities’. Claroscuro. Revista del Centro de Estudios sobre Diversidad Cultural (Special Volume: New Trends in Egyptology).
3) (2020, forthcoming) ‘O colonialismo informal da Egiptologia: da missão francesa ao estado de segurança’ (translated by Thais Rocha da Silva), submitted to Mare Nostrum – Estudos sobre o Mediterrâneo Antigo.
4) (2020, in press) ‘Boundaries, Borders and Frontiers: Contemporary and Past Perspectives’ (main author, co-authored with Manuel Fernández-Götz). eTopoi. Journal for Ancient Studies (Special Volume 7: Political and Economic Interaction on the Edge of Early Empires), pp. 33–47.
5) (2015) ‘The Political Realism of the Egyptian Elite: A Comparison between the Teaching for Merikare and Niccolò Machiavelli’s Il Principe’, Journal of Egyptian History 8.1, pp. 49–79.
1) (2017, Jun 16) ‘Informal Colonialism of Egyptology: The French Expedition to the Security State’. E-International Relations. <http://www.e-ir.info/2017/06/16/informal-colonialism-of-egyptology-the-french-expedition-to-the-security-state/>.
2) (2016) Review of Tsukamoto and Inomata (eds.), Mesoamerican Plazas: Arenas of Community and Power. Archaeological Review from Cambridge 31.2: Landscapes, pp. 191–194.